Melbourne is the fastest growing capital city in Australia with its population growing by more than Brisbane and Adelaide, the latest official figures show.
At the same time more people living in Australia were born overseas with over 28% of the country’s population born in another nation with those from China and India more than doubling in the last 10 years.
The city’s population was up by 2.4% in the 2015/2016 year, more than the 1.8% recorded for Brisbane and the 1.7% growth for Sydney, according to the data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
The data also shows that the fastest growing area in Australia was ACT South West which grew by 38%. This area includes the recently developed suburbs of Wright and Coombs.
Other areas experiencing fast growth included Pimpama on the Gold Coast with population growth of 35%, the coastal area of Yanchep in the north of Perth up 29% and Cobbitty Leppington in south west Sydney up 28%.
Sydney’s population has officially surpassed five million for the first time, up 82,800 from the previous year. ‘It took Sydney almost 30 years from 1971 to 2000, to grow from three million to four million people, but only half that time to reach its next million,’ said ABS director of demography, Beidar Cho.
With people born overseas reaching a new high, the figures show that the number born in neighbouring Asian countries had the largest growth year on year with people born in japan up 24%, those from China up 8%, Malaysian born up 7% and those born in India up 6%.
Over the last decade those born in India and China have both more than doubled. In contrast, Australian residents born in Germany have had almost zero growth and those born in Italy have seen more than a 10% drop.
Change in Australia’s migrant mix is particularly evident in the median age of certain groups. Migrants born in Germany had a median age increase from 58.8 in 2006 to 64.1 in 2016 indicating the ageing of this migrant group. In contrast, migrants from China had a reduction in median age from 38.7 in 2006 to 34.7 in 2016.
A breakdown of the figures show that 5% or 1.198 million were born in the UK, 2.5% or 607,200 were born in New Zealand, 2.2% or 526,000 were born in China, 1.9% or 468,800 were born in India, 1% or 246,400 were born in the Philippines and 1% or 236,700 were born in Vietnam. While 194,900 were born in Italy, 181,400 in South Africa, 166,200 in Malaysia and 124,300 in Germany.
Net overseas migration recorded an annual estimate increase of 182,200, some 3% or 5,300 more than in 2014/2015. At state level the largest net gains were in New South Wales with 71,200, Victoria with 65,000 and Queensland with 20,000.
When it comes to moving around in Australia Victoria continues to have the largest gains with the number moving to the State increasing to 16,700 compared with 10,200 from the previous year. Queensland had the second highest net gain from interstate migration with 11,600 while New South Wales once again recorded the largest net loss of 11,300, however this is a significant reduction from the net loss of 25,600 in 2005/2006.